The Oxford Dictionary defines the word "university" as, an educational institution designed for instruction, examination, or both, of students in many branches of advanced learning, conferring degrees in various faculties, and often embodying colleges and similar institutions. To better the chances of gaining employment in a career, many people will attend a university. There are some universities that will give a person a better chance to obtain the career that they have chosen because of the academic structure.
For many attending a university, it is the first time that they are basically on their own because they have left home to gain a higher education. Here is a look at some of these universities and the university way of life.
Harvard was founded in 1636, making it the oldest university in the United States. The school has produced 47 Nobel Prize winners, 32 heads of state, and 48 Pulitzer Prize winners. It has the largest academic library in the world (Widener Library, home to some 6 million volumes).
Founded in 1209, Cambridge University is one of the oldest universities in the world. The alumni includes Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, James Clerk Maxwell, Augustus De Morgan, Ernest Rutherford, Roger Penrose, and Stephen Hawking. Its over 18,000 students represent more than 135 countries and its faculty have earned over 80 Nobel Prize winners.
MIT was founded in 1861 and is one of the world`s premier science research center. There has been 80 Nobel award winners, 56 National Medal of Science winners, 43 MacArthur Fellows, and 28 National Medal of Technology and Innovation winners. Since 1899, MIT Technology Review has continuously researched developing trends in the industrial sciences and other related fields. Notable alumni from MIT include Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin, father of linguistics Noam Chomsky, former U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan, and former Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke.
While there is no founding date for Oxford, there is evidence of teaching as far back as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world. Oxford’s academic community includes 80 Fellows of the Royal Society and 100 Fellows of the British Academy. President Bill Clinton attended Oxford along with many other heads of state.
The Swiss Federal Institute of Technology is known by its German acronym ETH and the highest-ranked school on the continent of Europe. It was once home to Albert Einstein. Twenty-one Nobel Prize winners came from ETH.
University of Tokyo is not only the leading school in Japan, but also the leading school in all of Asia and now attracts students from over 100 nations.University of Tokyo runs numerous research institutes studying multiple fields, including medical science, earthquakes, Asian culture, molecular bioscience, cosmic ray research, solid state physics, and environmental science. The school has produced seven Nobel Prize winners and one Field’s Medalist.
The oldest Catholic university in the world was founded in 1425 by Pope Martin V. It is the Catholic University of Louvain located in Louvain, Belgium. KU Leuven is Belgium’s largest university. Even though its library burned down in both world wars, the school now has 30 auxiliary libraries with 4.3 million volumes. The school has produced multiple Nobel Prize winners.
Moscow State University (MSU) is located in Russia’s capital. The school has over 40,000 students, 6,000 professors and lecturers .About 4,000 international students come to MSU each year. MSU`s alumni include 11 Nobel Prize winners and 7 Fields Medalists. Famous politicians like Mikhail Gorbachev and Mikhail Suslov were affiliated with the university, as well as many famous writers such as Ivan Turgenev and Anton Chekhov. It also houses Russia’s largest supercomputer.
Ohio State University is located in the state capital of Columbus. The school is one of the top public universities in the U.S., with 44,000. besides its academic excellence, its sports programs are top rated throughout the country.
Founded in 1386, Heidelberg University is Germany’s oldest research university. Heidelberg focuses on four broad areas of research: materials and structures; molecular and cellular pattern formation; self-organization and regulation; and global culture. The school’s 30,000 students study and work in 12 different faculties and can choose from 160 different programs. The school is also connected to 55 Nobel Prizes.
With over 38,000 students and over 4,400 academic and research staff, The University of Manchester is the largest single campus-university in the United Kingdom. The school has 25 Nobel Prize winners. Several famous scientific experiments were performed here, such as Ernest Rutherford’s historic Gold Foil Experiment proving that the so-called “atom” has an internal structure (a nucleus). Alan Turing laid the foundations for the field of computer science at Manchester, and later on it was here that the world’s first supercomputer was built.
Founded in 1870, The University of Akron is a public research university in Akron, Ohio, and is known for its polymer research. As a STEM-focused institution, it focuses on industries such as polymers, advanced materials, and engineering.
The University of Akron offers about 200 undergraduate and more than 100 graduate majors. With an enrollment of approximately 27,000 students from throughout Ohio, the United States, and 71 foreign countries, the University of Akron is one of the largest campuses in Ohio. UA’s Archives of the History of American Psychology, an affiliate of the Smithsonian Institution, contains famous psychology artifacts and is visited regularly by researchers from around the world.